Ecurater Journals

Archives of Respiratory Research

Aim & Scope

The Scope of this Journal includes Respiratory Medicine, Pulmonology, Thoracic Surgery, Acute Lung Injury, Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Lung Diseases, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), Tuberculosis, Asthma, Pulmonary Hypertension, Pulmonary Embolism, Pulmonary Edema, Pulmonary Function Tests, Respiratory Care, Respiratory Therapy, Cystic Fibrosis, Lung Cancer, Respirology, Bronchology and related areas.

Editorial Board

Dr.Abdul Hassan Siddiqui
Clinical Instructor & Faculty
Carle Illinois College of Medicine
Illinois, USA
Dr. Ahmed Fayed
Interventional Pulmonologist
Farwania hospital, Kuwait
Dr. Premanand Ponoth
Chief & Professor- Cardio Thoracic & Vascular Surgery
The Karen Hospital
Dr. Mohammed El Beltagi
Head of Pediatric Department
University Medical Center, King Abdulla Medical City
Dr. R. M. D. Madegedara
Consultant Respiratory Physician
National Hospital & Respiratory Diseases Treatment Unit
Kandy, Sri Lanka
Dr. Rani Singh
Researcher, Thoracic Surgery and Interventional Pulmonology
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
Boston, Massachusetts, USA
Dr. Bhanu Patibandla
Director, Lung Nodule & Thoracic Oncology Program
PeaceHealth Southwest Medical Center
Vancouver, Washington, United States
Ridhwan Baba
New York University
New York, NY
Dimitrios K. Kantas
MD MS Pulmonologist Intensivist Somnologist
Mayo Clinic
United States
Roheela Yasmeen
Assistant Professor
Lahore Garrison University

Article in Press

Insights from 100 Broncho-alveolar Lavages: Exploring Lower Respiratory Tract Infections

Article Type : Research
Author : Ankit Kumar 1*, Laxmi Devi2, Shubham Chandra2, Shivanki Agarwal 2, Parul Sharma2 and


LRTIs are a common cause of death in both children and adults worldwide. It has significant burden on healthcare resources. These infections can be caused by a variety of microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites. The diagnosis of LRTIs can be challenging, as the symptoms can be nonspecific and the underlying cause can be multifactorial. Bronchoscopy allows the identification and management of LRTIs by allowing for the collection of lower respiratory tract specimens for microbiological evaluation. Bronchoscopy can provide valuable information about the diagnosis and management of LRTIs, as it can provide valuable information about the underlying pathology and the causative organism. The aim of this study is to investigate 100 Broncho-alveolar lavages in LRTI patients, with a focus on Broncho-alveolar lavage Acid Fast Bacilli smear and gram stain culture sensitivity.
This study retrospectively analysed the microbiological profile of 100 patients with suspected LRTIs who underwent bronchoscopy at our institution.
Out of the 100 patients included in the study, 59 underwent AFB smear evaluation for mycobacterium tuberculosis. Out of 59 patients, 40 patients tested negative for tuberculosis, while 19 patients were positive.
Out of 100 patients, 39 had no organisms grow in their BAL fluid culture, indicating that their pneumonia may have been caused by non-infectious factors such as aspiration or other non-infectious causes. However, 43 patients had positive cultures, with Klebsiella and pseudomonas being the most common bacterial species identified. Fungal culture evaluation was performed in 17 patients, and only one patient was positive for aspergillus. Biopsy specimens were collected in 16 patients, with squamous cell carcinoma being the most common finding. This suggests that some cases of pneumonia may be caused by underlying malignancies, which may have been missed by other diagnostic methods.
In conclusion, the results of this study indicate that bronchoscopy is a valuable diagnostic tool for evaluating lower respiratory tract infections. The study also highlights the prevalence of tuberculosis and bacterial species. Furthermore, the study suggests that some cases of pneumonia may be caused by non-infectious factors such as aspiration, as well as underlying malignancies such as squamous cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma. These findings highlight the importance of a comprehensive diagnostic approach to identify the underlying cause of pneumonia and guide appropriate treatment.

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Current Issue

Effect of emissions on the Respiratory System of the Workers Belonging to Different Industries: An Overview

Article Type : Review
Author : Roheela Yasmeen*, Faheem Hafeez
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Short note on Archives of Respiratory Research

Article Type : Other
Author : Dr. Roheela Yasmeen

Pandemic as an Ideological Dead End of Modern Medicine

Article Type : Opinion
Author : Igor Klepikov
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